I read through them and can see where the POTUS and Vice-POTUS have the authority to classify and declassify, and can delegate that authority to others, but cannot see where it says they can do so without following the formal procedures (as in "thinking" a document into or out of a classified state).
"President" is mentioned 8 times in the one doc and 60 in the other. Can you point out where it says in this 2009 EO that the process can be merely a "thought"?
There is none in the EO and that's why its being challenged.
The executive order states a policy that the president has absolute control over. In fact, that executive order was re-written by Obama himself in '09. Regardless of what the policy says in the EO, the actual ruling gives the president authority to stand above the executive order.
Again, quoting Steven Aftergood who is the subject matter expert on this says and i quote the president can "classify and declassify at will."
The official documents governing classification and declassification stem from executive orders. But even these executive orders aren’t necessarily binding on the president. The president is not "obliged to follow any procedures other than those that he himself has prescribed," Aftergood said. "And he can change those."