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    BASS OUTLAW's Avatar
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    BUILDING CAR AUDIO SYSTEM(for Beginners)

    The IDEAL car audio system is not necessarily the loudest one, or the most expensive one. It’s the one that meets your needs.

    SOURCE (or HEAD UNIT):- The most important part in your car audio system. It is the first step towards sound reproduction. If you go wrong here your whole system will suffer and God help your ears.

    -Get a good head unit from a well known manufacturer
    -Looks matter the least. Accurate sound re-production is what really matters



    SPEAKERS: - The second most important part in your system.

    -There are several types of speakers available in different sizes, shapes and (Misleading) power ratings.
    -Power is the most over- rated feature in all head units as well as speakers.
    -I would like to bring to your notice here that almost all companies (even the reputed ones) have a tendency to mislead the customer by rating big numbers to their speakers like 300watts,450watts.
    Never buy a speaker depending upon company ratings like PMPO, PEAK POWER, and MAX POWER etc.
    The real or rather the most reliable rating is the RMS (Root Mean Square).RMS ratings are the equivalent of the actual power delivered.

    COAXIALS: - They are two (or more) speakers’ built-in the same frame. They usually consist of a mid-bass and a tweeter or (a set of tweeters). They are cheaper than separate component speakers and easier to install.
    COMPONENT (SEPARATES): - They consist of separate woofer, mid-bass or mid-range and tweeters (in case of 3-way system) and only mid-bass and tweeter in case of a 2-way system. They are all connected to a crossover supplied along with the set for proper frequency distribution among the speakers.
    MID-BASES: - They are usually 5” to 8” speakers which are designed to go low in frequency and fill the frequency gap between the sound of a woofer and a tweeter.
    TWEETERS: -They are usually 1”-3” in size and are excellent at reproducing high frequency sounds. They are an inevitable component if you are planning to attain good staging and imaging.
    SUB-WOOFERS: - They are the largest speakers ranging in size from 8” to 32” (the biggest I have seen).They are used to reproduce the sub bass frequencies. (low bass frequencies 20hz up to 80hz).a woofer should be installed in an enclosure or a box of specific size and design. but there is FREE AIR woofers use “infinite baffle",
    Here the woofer is mounted in the rear baffle behind the seats and it uses the trunk as an enclosure.


    AMPLIFIERS: - They amplify (or multiply) the input signals from the head unit and send a much more powerful signal to the speakers. They just do not make the system sound louder; they make the system sound better.

    Amplifiers can be classified according to their amplification circuitry (class-A, B, AB, and class D )
    Amplifiers can also be classified according to their channel distribution (Monobloc i.e. 1 channel, 2-channel, 4-channel, 5-channel.)


    CROSSOVERS: - They are a combination of series and parallel placed induction coils and capacitors, or either of them. They are given the job of frequency distribution among different types of speaker for distortion free sound reproduction.

    SOUND PROCESSORS: - They are external units which process the sound for time delay, phase difference, bass-boost, surround-sound, frequency-equalizer etc. This is done through analog circuitry or digital processing.

    POWER SUPPLY: - A sufficient and stable power supply is an integral part of any Audio system. All the electrical appliances of a Car run on a 12V DC. The car manufacturer supplies with a power supply enough only for the pre-installed gadgets and a low rating Audio system.

    BATTERY: - The main source of power in any car. It is a device which stores current and delivers it to all the gadgets in a car. Most of the gadgets are designed to run on a 12V DC current.

    ALTERNATOR: - It is a device which charges the battery as long as the car runs. Since the battery can store only a limited amount of energy and can get easily exhausted on extensive stationary use, a compatible alternator is a must. The car manufacturer supply with an alternator sufficient to charge the batter supplied with the car.


    CAPACITOR: - It is a secondary energy storing device which insures a stable power supply to your audio components. It stores energy for a very short period and delivers it to the components. It is not a battery. But it stabilizes the current and saves the components from being blown off and the battery from being over loaded due to the heavy demand of a high-end audio system.

    CABLES AND WIRES: -
    they can never be ignored in any car audio system. There are a few things to keep in mind while wiring your car audio system.

    -Use properly insulated wires and cables.
    -Check the full length of cables and wires to see if there is any cut, replace --the wire immediately if found faulty.
    -Do not use too long wires(will increase resistance)
    -The cables and wires used should be of a proper compatible thickness (gauge).
    -Run the power cables and the speaker cables from different sides of the car to avoid signal interference and distortion.
    -Ground all the gadgets properly to the frame of your car.
    -Proper Wiring and cabling is very important to insure the safety of your expensive audio equipments.




    google works








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    Re: BUILDING CAR AUDIO SYSTEM(for Beginners)

    I dont necessarily agree w/ the battery - main source of power statement The alternator powers everything when the car is running.




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    Re: BUILDING CAR AUDIO SYSTEM(for Beginners)

    Quote Originally Posted by Moe Lester
    I dont necessarily agree w/ the battery - main source of power statement The alternator powers everything when the car is running.
    very true





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    Re: BUILDING CAR AUDIO SYSTEM(for Beginners)

    All this from the most ghetto installer i know.
    Cracks me up !
    P.S
    MID-BASS'




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    Re: BUILDING CAR AUDIO SYSTEM(for Beginners)

    Quote Originally Posted by supa_c
    All this from the most ghetto installer i know.
    Cracks me up !
    P.S
    MID-BASS'
    My BAD!!

    the 6*9 coulnt fit on the dash, even with super GLUE!!





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