Ok, I know realize there are different ways to wire speakers to an amplifier to get different results. I understand this somewhat, but wondered if anyone could give me some feedback on my interpretations. In my descriptions and questions I'll be assuming/using 4 ohm speakers and a 40 x 2 @ 4 ohms and 80 x 2 @ 2 ohms amplifier for simplification.
What is it called when a speaker is simply wired to an amp by connecting the wire from the positive terminal of channel 1 to the positive terminal of the speaker, and the negative terminal of channel of 1 to the negative terminal of the speaker? This is simply a normal hookup, correct? So if 2 speakers are wired this way, they would stay 4 ohms and each speaker would be receive 40w, correct?
Correct me if I'm wrong, but with a series setup, a wire goes from the positive terminal of channel 1 to the positive terminal of speaker 1, and a wire from negative terminal of speaker 1 to the positive terminal of speaker 2, and a wire from the negative terminal of speaker 2 to the negative terminal of channel 1. If this is correct, then each speaker is running at 8 ohms, and therefore receiving 20w each?
So would the advantage of using a series setup be that with a 2 channel amplifier, you could hook up 4 speakers, 2 to channel one and 2 to channel two, with the downside being each speaker would recieve less power? Or what is the reasoning for wiring in series?
Ok, now on to parallel wiring. So wiring 2 speakers in a parallel setup, two wires would be connected to the positive terminal of channel 1 and each wire connected to the positive terminal of speaker 1 and 2. Likewise, two wires connected to the negative terminal of channel 1 would run to the negative terminal of speaker 1 and 2. In this case, each speaker would be running at 2 ohms and receiving 80w each.
I assume the obvious advantage to a parallel setup is more power for each speaker, but it also looks like a total of 4 speakers can be used if 2 speakers are setup in parallel on each channel, right?
If this is the case, then why doesn't everyone use a parallel setup, what are the downsides? I think I remember seeing the you can't control the fade and balance of speakers set up in parallel, is this correct? If this is the only downside, it seems to be minor considering the gains, and the fact that I always leave the settings centered.
Would you get a mono setup of only if a speaker or speakers are bridged?
So as long as the positive and negative leads of a speaker go into the same channel, then the setup will remain in setero, correct?
Ok, I'll end the post here and see what feedback I get on my interpretations. Hopefully I'm not too far off. I'm understanding car audio better everyday, but there are always a few missing pieces.